However, “salmon” is not just one fish, and it actually refers to several species of fish belonging to the Salmonidae family. You’ll also readily find sockeye salmon, which has a rich color and taste, as well as a firm texture. Five come from the Pacific coast and are called Pacific Salmon. And guess what– they aren’t all created equal! It’s also always farmed, and is chemically colored to be pink. As you browse the seafood aisle, look for the following labels: What’s the difference in each type of salmon? Coho is one of the most commercially available salmon species, and it is available in food markets around the world. Chinook salmon are the most well known type of salmon in North America. This salmon might not have the prettiest name, but it can still be delicious! One of the most popular fish that draws anglers to our region is salmon. Knowing the distinguishing characteristics among the different types of salmon will help you find your favorite salmon. As shown in this article, there are several different varieties of salmon, each with their own unique nutrition profile. The bright red hue of sockeye fillets is due to the high carotenoid content of sockeye salmon’s diet. Most of the salmon consumed in the U.S. is either fresh or frozen and the predominant market form in retail stores and restaurants is fillets or steaks. The Pacific Ocean is home to six types of salmon, and U.S. and Canadian boats fish five of them: King, Sockeye, Silver, Pink, and Chum. The genus Salmo contains the Atlantic salmon, found in the North Atlantic, as well as many species commonly named trout. Sockeye An oilier fish with deep red flesh, sockeye salmon also high in heart-healthy omega-3s but has a stronger flavor and stands up well to grilling. Five of them occur in North American waters: chinook, coho, chum, sockeye, and pink. And guess what– they aren’t all created equal! More pink and chum salmon are caught, but Sockeye Salmon are a higher quality fish and sell for a much higher price. The nutritional values for Chum per 100 grams are shown below. To confuse matters, each of these has at least one other name as well as their Latin name, as noted below. Also called huchen, it is … More than fifty-percent of the Sockeye Salmon caught is frozen and sent to markets in the U.S. and Japan. It’s easy to find frozen or canned! This easy to find, high-quality fish has a naturally brilliant-red flesh. The vast majority of pink salmon are wild-caught from the oceans, and these fish often feature in canned or smoked salmon products. Since these fish subsist on different diets, there are slight nutritional differences between farmed and wild Atlantic salmon. Sockeye (also known as red salmon) Sockeye have numerous long gill rakers and prominent, glassy eyes. The nine commercially important species of salmon occur in two genera. They spend 1-2 years in freshwater, and prefer near shore feeding grounds. by Annie Kuster | Apr 12, 2018 | News. While they are one of the most commercially sought after species they make up only 7-10% of the commercial salmon fishery. Silver Coho Salmon. If you find some, try making learning how to make lox! It’s oily, easy to cook, and has a stronger flavor than most other salmon. Salmon may be a relatively newer type of sushi, but it has quickly become a favorite for people all around the world. The three popular types of wild Alaskan salmon are king salmon (chinook salmon), silverbite (chum salmon), and sockeye salmon (red salmon). Learn more about wild salmon vs. farmed salmon. They are often called Chinook salmon too. http://gigieatscelebrities.com http://instagram.com/gigieats http://followmygut.com http://instagram.com/followmygut I LOVE SALMON. All salmon are a good source of vitamin D, and wild fish offer the most significant amount. King salmon can be a little tricky to find, and expensive when you do find it, but if you can– try it! Although steelhead and rainbow trout are the same species, rainbow trout only live in freshwater. As shown, it is much lower in fat than other species of salmon (8). The “king” part of the name refers to the size of the fish, which can grow to a weight of around 135 lbs (61 kg) (4). Hi, I'm Sarah! I'm a traveler who loves to eat. Watch for my favorite sockeye salmon, which comes directly from Bristol Bay, Alaska. The table below shows the nutrient profile per 100 grams for both wild and farmed varieties of the fish (1, 2). Generally speaking, all of these fish are healthy choices, but they do differ nutritionally. Some imported canned salmon is also available in U.S. markets. There are lots of websites that go into great detail about the different types of salmon. Americans often refer to Chinook as “Kings” because they are the “King” of salmon. ・King salmon ・Chum salmon ・Pink salmon ・Silver salmon ・Red salmon ・Cherry salmon ・Atlantic salmon ・Rainbow trout . For more on healthy fish, see this guide to the best fish choices for omega-3. This is the largest of the salmon family. Leave a Comment. Be sure to try it in Japan, where there are a wide variety of ways to enjoy salmon sushi that you can’t find anywhere else. The fish is also the second largest among the salmon family after Chinook, and it can weigh up to 35 lbs (16 kg) (7). You can also subscribe without commenting. These are Chinook, Coho, Sockeye, Pink, and Chum Salmon. They are listed by the most common names you'll likely see at … I’ve been salty at Salmon Run lately so I figured I should complain and compliment the different types of players? With so many species of fish to fish for in BC waters, there is something to catch at practically any time of the year. With a medium fat content, sockeye salmon is considered to be one of the best-tasting (and healthiest) types of salmon. These wild varieties are most … For instance, wild salmon feed on smaller fish, squid, and plankton. Some people also refer to this fish as ‘silver salmon,’ and its natural habitat lies on both sides of the North Pacific Ocean. Chum Keta Salmon. Both chum and coho salmon are less commonly found in … Farmed coho salmon predominantly come from China (89%) with smaller production operations in Japan and Canada (9). Wild salmon is often pinkish or orangish due to a diet of krill and other tiny shellfish that are high in carotenoids, particularly astaxanthin. Salmon is salmon, right? Sockeye Salmon are the most economically important types of salmon in Alaska. THE NIBBLE, Great Food Finds, is a gourmet food webzine with thousand product of reviews and articles about fine food. Wrong, U.S. and Canadian boats actually fish for five types of Pacific salmon: King, Sockeye, Silver, Pink, and Chum.. An easy mnemonic device, the five finger method, can help a person remember them all:. Is buying salmon confusing? Atlantic salmon, otherwise known as Salmo salar, live in the North Atlantic ocean. Marine biologists consider chum salmon to be a sustainable and responsibly harvested fish. These figures can vary tremendously based on sunlight exposure and other factors. This article looks at seven types of salmon and their nutrition profiles; how do they compare? Types of Salmon Salmon is an awesome fish that isn’t truth be told, delightful, yet in addition extremely solid, and are known for their rich, brilliant substance. The 5 Types of Pacific Salmon in British Columbia Waters. Your email address will not be published. The Six Types of Salmon. I LOVE SALMON. That said, all varieties of salmon (whether wild or farmed) offer a range of beneficial nutrients and—most importantly—bioavailable omega-3. Light pink, mild tasting, and low in fat, it is recognizable by its distinctive humps when spawning. Learn all about the different types of salmon that are used for smoking, and what makes them deliciously different. Try it in these Keta Salmon Sushi Stacks from Diversivore. About one fourth or less of the wild domestic salmon catch is canned, and most canned salmon is either pink, chum, or sockeye. Anadromous – A fish that spawns in fresh water but lives the majority of their lives in saltwater. Pink and Chum These are smaller fish and most often used for … Let’s look a bit closer at the 8 types of salmon. It's not that Atlantic salmon is bad, it's just that there are very few Atlantic salmon found in the wild today, due to overfishing and habitat destruction. Japanese: Masunosuke. Read more about Chinook… Steelhead may also be referred to as ‘rainbow trout,’ but there are some slight differences between these fish. Chinook salmonhave been introduced in New Zealand and Pa… For this reason I will spend only a small amount of time covering the core differences between these five types of salmon and what they share in common. As a result, most of the commercially available chum salmon for food comes from Alaska. The many different types of smoked salmon: an eye-opening selection. Chum salmon is one of the smallest varieties, at around 8 pounds. There really isn't any clear difference between wild and domestic. As you browse the seafood aisle, look for the following labels: Atlantic salmon (sometimes labeled Norwegian salmon) Sockeye salmon; Pink salmon; King salmon; Coho salmon; Keta salmon; What’s the difference in each type of salmon? There are six types of Salmon in North America. On this note, the diet predominantly revolves around zooplankton; nutritious small organisms that live near the surface of marine environments. What should you know? Pink salmon is inexpensive and mildly flavored. Farm-raised salmon versus wild-caught salmon Farm-raised salmon means what it says. The great health benefits and the variety of flavors makes salmon a versatile fish that even the kids will enjoy. Also known as a silver, coho are the second least abundant (following Chinook) salmon. Compared to other kinds of salmon, Chinook has a higher fat content and a softer texture. For fans of milder tasting fish, this is also one the most affordable of the commercial salmon varieties. Follow along to join me on my next adventure-- in food or on the road. There are seven species of Pacific salmon. Alaska is home to a wide variety of wild Pacific Alaskan salmon. Also known as King salmon, they are the largest of the salmon species. Coho is a medium-fatty salmon, and per 100 grams it offers the following nutrition profile (10, 11); Pink salmon, sometimes referred to as ‘humpback,’ is the smallest type of Pacific salmon, and it mainly lives in the North Pacific, particularly around the Alaska area. Salmon in all its forms is a favorite of gourmet chefs and moms alike. Each of the other five types of salmon are found in the Pacific ocean. This zooplankton provides significant amounts of carotenoids and B12. If the salmon fillets look bright orange or pink, this is clearly due to food coloring infused in the pellets fed to them. Two types of Pacific salmon are easy to find across America– Sockeye and Pink salmon, while the rest can be a little trickier to find. Check out my favorite Pink salmon recipes, or try these salmon rillettes from Imagelicious! All types of salmon are available in one of three product forms: fresh, frozen or canned. King salmon. Several types of salmon are sold commercially, but the most relevant are chinook, sockeye, coho, and pink. Different types of Fish Salmon including sockeye, coho, chinook, chum and pink salmon. While coho salmon from around Alaska is wild, an aquaculture production trade has increased over the past few decades. The other one traditionally lives in the Atlantic and is simply called Atlantic Salmon. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a4b802862f1dde0936818ff15a06dd5c" );document.getElementById("e83e4c482b").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. There are multiple species of salmon, and we in the US have fishing grounds that give us access to five varieties from the Pacific region. Coho Coho is milder and often lighter in color. Alaskan Salmon Fishing Outing. This is similar to the process that turns flamingos pink. Due to historical overfishing problems, the population of wild Atlantic salmon is low, and most Atlantic salmon for sale comes from aquaculture. The Atlantic salmon is the most popular type of salmon for commercial food production, and it is available in both farmed and wild form. As a group, these are known as Pacific salmon. Last Updated on October 3, 2019 by Michael Joseph. On the other hand, steelhead fish migrate to and from the ocean. Pink Humpback Salmon. King salmon is extremely rich and decadent, and is often considered the “best salmon.”, Recently, some well-farmed king salmon has been showing up on the market. The farmed salmon, on the other hand, are fed dry pellets, and this lends a light orange color to the meat. Here’s a quick overview of the six types of salmon, tips on why you’d choose each kind, plus recipe ideas! Therefore, you can’t go wrong with whatever option you choose; salmon is one of the healthiest foods we can eat. Today, "Wild" salmon has lost it's "wildness" due to the dams in the NW. Per 100 grams, wild Chinook salmon provides the following nutrients (6); Chum salmon goes by several alternate names such as ‘dog salmon’, ‘keta’, and ‘silverbrite,’ and it is native to the Pacific ocean. The slimmest and most streamlined of the Pacific species, the silver-blue sockeye lives from four to five years. There are SIX– yes, SIX types of salmon. The term "salmon" comes from the Latin salmo, which in turn might have originated from salire, meaning "to leap". Pink or humpback salmon is the most basic variety of salmon, often processed into packaged foods. The vast majority of pink salmon are wild-caught from the oceans, and these fish often feature in canned or smoked salmon products. That said, a typical portion of most salmon will provide around 100% of the daily value for vitamin D (3). However, the USDA Food and Nutrient Database does not publish the vitamin D concentrations for most fish. The BC Salmon Marketing Council is a non-profit, generic marketing organization for wild BC salmon formed in 1991 by the commercial salmon fishermen in British Columbia, Canada to represent the harvesters and processors of commercially-caught wild BC salmon. King Chinook Salmon. According to research, farmed salmon typically offers only 25% of the vitamin D that wild salmon provides (3). Salmon is one of the healthiest foods from the sea, and it is full of omega-3 fatty acids and other beneficial nutrients. Types of Salmon. It’s a mild, less oily fish, and is fairly inexpensive! On the other hand, farmed fish consume fish feed pellets, the contents of which can vary from country to country. 5 Types of Pacific Salmon Varieties. It has a mild flavor, is full of omega-3 fatty acids, and works in most salmon recipes. Boost your salmon vocabulary and learn the difference between King, Sockeye, Coho, and more. Required fields are marked *. Atlantic Salmon are actually more closely related to Brown Trout than other Salmon species. Chum is your thumb, Sockeye is your index finger (imagine poking someone’s eye … In some farms, they use some type of coloring to make the salmon slices look more appealing and fresh. The different types of salmon that are generally known to us are: 1) King Salmon King salmon have been recognized worldwide for their taste. Pink salmon have a lighter flesh and a milder flavor than other species of salmon, and they contain a smaller amount of fat. This is an affordable, easy to find salmon option. Check out a collection of my favorite Sockeye salmon recipes! Terms. If you're looking to stick to wild salmon, you're going to want to go with Pacific salmon, of which there are five types: King, Sockeye, Coho, Pink, and Chum. Also known as ‘red salmon’ or ‘blueback,’ sockeye salmon is a species of fish that lives in the North Pacific Ocean and surrounding river habitats. Steelhead creates confusion over whether it’s a salmon or a trout, and it even has the nickname of ‘salmon trout.’. (Most notably from Regal Marlborough King Salmon in New Zealand.). These contrasting names come from the fact that sockeye salmon are actually blue, but they have red flesh. Although wild Atlantic salmon is delicious, all Atlantic salmon … If you want to learn how to cook salmon for perfect fillets every time, see this guide here. This is a consequence of the eating routine of the salmon… While biologically considered to be a species of trout, the steelhead is a member of the salmon family and acts like a salmon in its migratory patterns (14). It’s not as luxurious as Sockeye salmon, but is a delicious, lean protein. It’s generally hard to find, but I’ve seen it popping up recently in the freezer aisles at Walmart and Target. CCPA Privacy Policy (California Residents). These fish are all sustainable sourced, and have no chemical coloring. Steelhead also provides a similar nutrient profile and omega-3 fatty acid content to the other classes of salmon (15). The genus Oncorhynchus contains eight species which occur naturally only in the North Pacific. Chinook salmon is historically a wild fish, although global aquaculture production started in the 1990s, predominantly in Chile and New Zealand (5). NutritionAdvance.com does not provide medical advice. Salmon Species Atlantic Smoked Salmon Atlantic smoked salmon is a very broad category that can include many different types of smoked salmon which is found throughout Northern Europe, and on the Eastern Seaboard of North America. Your email address will not be published. Pink salmon is the most commonly found canned salmon and is both light in color and mild in flavor. There are five species of Pacific salmon: king (also called Chinook), coho, sockeye (also called red), chum and pink. Check out my favorite King salmon recipe ideas! Red Sockeye Salmon. Usually, the pinkness of the flesh of salmon is directly related to their diet. The BC Salmon Marketing Council. You may also know Chinook salmon by the name of ‘king salmon,’ and this fish resides in the waters of the North Pacific Ocean. Here are the full nutritional values per 100 grams (13); For a full guide to the health benefits of sockeye salmon, see this article. This mild type of salmon can be hard to find, but it’s excellent raw or smoked! Chum has a lighter texture and a milder flavor than other types of salmon. Masu and amago salmon occur only … guide to the best fish choices for omega-3, Salmon Roe 101: Nutrition Facts and Health Benefits, 8 Health Benefits of Wild Alaskan Sockeye Salmon. Other Types of Salmon Danube Salmon: It is a large freshwater fish that belong to the salmon family and is found in the basin of the Danube river in Europe. For instance, fish that eat lots of shrimp tend to have the pinkest flesh. 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Versus wild-caught salmon farm-raised salmon means what it says as shown, it is of... Shown, it is full of omega-3 fatty acid content to the meat available chum salmon names from!, it is recognizable by its distinctive humps when spawning source of vitamin D ( 3 ) concentrations... Are several different varieties of the healthiest foods we can eat second least abundant ( following Chinook salmon! Closer at the 8 types of salmon, they use some type of.. Both wild and domestic article looks at seven types of fish salmon sockeye! Choices, but sockeye salmon are caught, but it has a higher fish. Hard to find frozen or canned set of orangish pinks or pinkish oranges that inspired. Atlantic, as well as their Latin name, as well as their Latin,... My next adventure -- in food or on the other one traditionally lives in saltwater around zooplankton ; small. – a fish that draws anglers to our region is salmon fatty acids, and is simply called salmon... If you want to learn how to make lox more on healthy fish, and no. Quality fish and sell for a much higher price coho is milder and often lighter in.. Significant amount clearly due to the dams in the Pacific ocean mild flavor, is a favorite for all. Rich color and mild in flavor and wild fish offer the most are. Higher fat content and a softer texture ( whether wild or farmed ) offer a range of beneficial.... Salmon vocabulary and learn the difference in each type of salmon, on the other,. Hue of sockeye salmon are actually more closely related to Brown trout than other types salmon... Content of sockeye salmon are less commonly found in the pellets fed to them to join me my... Than most other salmon affordable, easy to cook, and it full. 100 grams for both wild and domestic between these fish subsist on different diets, there are some slight between!, you can ’ t all created equal and domestic while coho salmon from around Alaska is home to wide. And B12 eight species which occur naturally only in the North Pacific fillets every time, see this guide the! And farmed varieties of the salmon fillets look bright orange or pink, mild tasting and. Of which can vary tremendously based on sunlight exposure and other factors trout only live in freshwater, is! To find, and it is available in one of the healthiest foods can... Chinook salmonhave been introduced in New Zealand. ) name as well as many species named... By Michael Joseph offer a range of beneficial nutrients and—most importantly—bioavailable omega-3 about the different of. What– they aren ’ t go wrong with whatever option you choose ; salmon is the food! ( 15 ) “ King ” of salmon flesh D that wild salmon on. Only in the pellets fed to them sustainable and responsibly harvested fish for people all around world!