Water in plugs immediately after installation to fill soil air holes around root systems. By the way, if you are eating most any food that is not GMO Free(Genetically Modified organism), you are eating food made with crops sprayed with glyphosate. We grow the largest range of British native species in the UK. Order starter plant liners directly from our website with all current availability and pricing. While I did know that Butterfly weed was late waking up in the Spring, I forgot just how REALLY slow they are coming up. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. Betony Plug Plants - Betonica Officinalis MAS-PP2. To see how my plant plugs are planted take a look at the blog post by clicking here. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. However, as part of site preparation, this guide mentions the use of herbicides, which we at NOFA discourage. Plugs are seedlings which have been germinated and grown in trays of small cells. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. Cats Ear Plants - Hypochoeris Radicta MAS-PP3. Plant plugs to a depth that allows the plant’s crown to lie at soil level. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. The second is Virginia Bluebells (Mertensia virginica), a favorite of mine. Best of … How to Effectively Establish Native Plant Plugs, ProPlugger 5-IN-1 Lawn Tool and Garden Tool, Bulb Planter, Weeder, Sod Plugger, Annual Planter, Soil Test, ProPlugger 5-IN-1 Lawn Tool and Garden Tool, Bulb Planter, Weeder, Sod Plugger, Annual Planter, Soil Test (available through Amazon), 3″ bulb & bedding plant auger drill attachment. Many of these mixes have become industry standard and are now specified by Landscape Architects and Garden Designers all over the UK. I actually had planned to do this last year, but never got around to it. Jim work's as a Landscape Designer in the far northwest suburbs of Chicago. This means the plants arrive to the job site in cells 2.5” in diameter and 4.5” deep. Very nice. Click on the different category headings to find out more. Plug planting advice Water your plugs before planting. My much bigger concern is the insane amounts of this chemical that are applied to Round Up™ ready corn, soybeans and other crops. Wholesale Native Plant Nursery American Native Plants is committed to growing and distributing native plants that are critical to the establishment of biodiverse natural ecosystems. Flowers: July - September. CT NOFA: The Northeast Organic Farming Association of Connecticut, Phone: (203) 408-6819 | ctnofa@ctnofa.org, https://nofa.organiclandcare.net/wp-content/uploads/onionscoldframe-773x1030-1.jpg, https://nofa.organiclandcare.net/wp-content/uploads/olc_natural_web_small.gif, How to Effectively Estalish Native Plant Plugs. These can be just as effective, but take longer and more planning. A native perennial wild flower plant, common on dry grassland, roadsides and hedgerows, especially on chalky soils. Planting Plugs is a Cheap and Easy Way to Plant a Landscape. Marsh marigold (Caltha palustris) - this early flowering plant is an excellent marginal … NOTE: if you are the type that wants to dig out your grass and haul away the best 3 inches of your soil, then bring in and spread topsoil full of all kinds of weed seeds, skip ahead to the next section. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. Since 1998, we have provided millions of plants to landscapers and contractors throughout the … ), A Guide to Native Plant Gardening – Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, 7 Ways to Use Drifts and Masses In Your Garden. By preventing weeds from outcompeting herbaceous native plants, the plugs will fill in the spaces between plants, resulting in dense stands and few weeds the following years. Decide how and where you want to use plugs, whether for new border gardens, massing among shrubs in existing foundation beds, pollinator or other wildlife habitats, or replacing portions of lawn with small meadows. Vigilant weed controls the first year will ensure effective establishment over the long term. Required fields are marked *. All plants in our plug program are native to the midatlantic states, well suited to this climate and tolerant of drought and extreme temperature fluctuations. Spring blooming perennials are best planted in the fall. Download this document to use as a reference when establishing Ecotype Project seedlings from one of our nursery and plant sale partners. Typically not sold outside of the trade, you can purchase flats of plugs here and have them shipped directly from our wholesale growers. American Native Plants offers all of our herbaceous native plants in convenient 72 cell trays of plugs. Non-Patented Varieties. While each species spreads at different rates, an easy rule of thumb for estimating the number of plugs needed to achieve dense stands within a year is one plug per square foot. Many are fantastic for attracting bees, butterflies and insects; ideal for planting by garden enthusiasts, schools, landscapers, conservationists or community groups. We won’t be eating the grass we kill with glyphosate. Our Plug division specializes in flowering annual plants, with a selection of over 4000 line items available from 20 different suppliers nationwide; if a particular seed is available, we can find a supplier to grow it. With over 300 species represented, we hold millions of plug plants in stock and can grow most things that we do not have. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. Mulch helps conserve soil moisture and reduces weed pressure. Selling Northwest Native Plants for home and habitat in the Seattle area for over 16 years ! Native herbaceous plants are frequently sold as plugs because their compact size allows for the creation of masses and drifts to better emulate how they grow in nature. They can be easily pushed out of the trays and planted outside in the ground. The Pa. Reddish purple thistle-like flowers on long stalks are produced from July to September. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. In addition, by deeply watering the plugs just before planting, they can be removed from their trays and laid in the spots they will be planted without drying out, thus saving time. Not something I’ve noticed in the nurseries. Last year, I posted about a new perennial plug planting I did in June of 2016. Autumn Hawkbit - Leontodon Autumnalis MAS-PP1. White flowers from June to August. Staff experience- Friendly and helpful staff with over 25 years experience growing native plants. If planting against a structure, make sure the tallest species are in the back along the structure to ensure shorter species receive proper light. More info Greenhouse conditions- All plants are started climate controlled greenhouses and hand transplanted into plug trays individually. A one-hour watering will soak more deeply than 15-minute ones. This makes it easier to remove them from their trays and loosen their roots before putting them in the ground. Where do you get plugs? This gives the roots time to establish, and allows the plants a strong start the following spring. We grow most of our plants from local, wild collected seed. Here is what they looked like in May. I am glad I did, because I had something happening this Spring before June. Heart shaped leaves form at ground level and provide a nice groundcover in spring. Since I planted almost a  full flat (32) of these in my yard and a lot of those is this bed, there was some serious voids in the Spring. Prairie Nursery is a native plant nursery offering a wide selection of native plants, wildflowers, grasses, shrubs & ferns for ecological gardens & landscapes. Our British wildflowers are grown in peat-free compost and available in either 9cm pots or as plug plants via mail order. Buetterfly weed, a few Lanceleaf Coreopsis, and Kobold Liatris. Native Plant Garden Designs For Small Spaces. There are also some organic sprays (mostly clove and citrus oil) that have promise (more on that in a future post). Native to North America (cultivar) An attractive upright aster cultivar. Survey existing vegetation to determine what does and does not thrive. Successful establishment requires that the plugs not get outcompeted by existing weeds and their seed banks. Sheet Mulching: How to Smother Weeds, Build Soil & Conserve Water the Easy Way. Height: 30-90cm (8-36in) Prefers: Full sun on well-drained soil. Delay planting out if the soil is dry and hard, or if it is frozen. However, if choosing a site overrun by weeds and invasive plants, plan appropriate site preparation weeks – if not months – before planting, especially when using organic methods for killing existing vegetation. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. See below for a more detailed description with links for further resources. The DP50 liner is suitable for planting directly in the landscape, or container production. Species diversity, origin, and plant quality are important to us and our customers. Robust root systems make for quick establishment and less initial watering. I am too impatient for seeds, so I will get some bare root Shooting Stars and Virginia Bluebells. A week or so after it was planted a bit of composted was added as mulch and it looked like this: Since I did know that I would not have a lot blooming in this bed in the Spring, I did add a bunch of (non native) Purple Sensation Allium bulbs in the Fall of last year. By continuing to browse the site, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Special thanks to John Campanelli for creating this document for our farmers, gardeners, and conservation partners. As mentioned above, I am also am planting Blue Flag Iris in the rip rap shoreline. Step 2 to planting plugs is to obtain the plants. There are lots of choices here, but I am partial to two for this spot. Virginia Bluebells would not normally be associated with the sun loving Butterfly weed, but may work very nicely in parts of the bed with a bit of the shade. My solution is to plant some Spring ephemerals in those voids. Plants Available May to August; Bulbs Available September to April. 800-436-6248 Trustpilot. Each collection contains plants of 15 different wild flower species except for my native annual collection and my single species Yellow Rattle plant plug collection. Here is a good explanation of one method. Now that I have seen this garden for 12 months, I have some problems/ideas on how to improve my perennial plug planting going forward. Once the plants leave the constraints of the plug tray and their roots can expand more freely in the soil, they rapidly grow taller and wider, filling in the space between plugs. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. Plants purchased in spring are vernalized and ready to grow. British Wildflowers. Your email address will not be published. Height: 6 inches Zone: 6-10. In late June the garden is in full swing. Yuck! Taking time before planting to determine the spacing of the plugs will ensure uniform density and that your supply of plugs cover the desired area. Filed Under: Conserves Money & Resources, Design, Perennials and bulbs, Supports Wildlife & Biodiversity Tagged With: Butterfly Weed, Coreopsis, Liatris, native plants, perennial plugs, Prairie Dropseed, Purple Coneflower. Every problem is a potential opportunity in the garden. This site uses cookies. Prairie Plugs™ Native Plants Prairie Plugs™ - Grown Exclusively by Country Road Greenhouses Prairie Plugs™ have a 2 ¼ inch top diameter and measure approximately 5 inches deep. The majority of our plants in this bed will be Purple Coneflower, Butterfly Weed, Swamp Milkweed and Prairie Dropseed. © 2018 Jim Anderson. Taking care of natives in your home garden. Our 5 inch deep container has grooves running vertically which channel the roots down to the bottom of the pot where they are air pruned. Landscaping with Native Plants (A comprehensive guide for landscaping with native plants. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. In Late June the Swamp Milkweed are also starting to bloom. Outline the area to be planted whether with rope, hose, or stakes. I also found that my Little Lemon Goldenrod get full size real quick, unlike my Asters (another Fall bloomer) that stays small to later in the season. When planting larger areas, use a grid pattern with plants 12” off center from each other. Cart: (0 Items) Your Cart is Empty; My Account Checkout. Avoid using bark mulch, especially large pieces. Aquascapes Unlimited’s seed sown local ecotype species add natural wildlife benefits, promote biodiversity, and oftentimes require less maintenance in terms of fertilizers and pesticides. Bare root/plug or bulb. Minimum order per species is ½ tray (36 plugs). Suitable for pond margins up to 30cms. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. Native herbaceous plants are frequently sold as plugs because their compact size allows for the creation of masses and drifts to better emulate how they grow in nature. He's also been a horticulturist and aesthetic pruner at a top quality Japanese Garden, as well as a freelance garden consultant, Risk Management Consultant, Insurance Safety inspector and head banging Ice Cream Truck driver (yeah that was me cranking "And Justice for All") among other things. Native Plant Society is an all volunteer, member based, non-profit organization. You can also change some of your preferences. First, I killed the grass using an aquatic safe version of glyphosate, Aquaneat, as I live on a lake and know regular formulations of glyphosate are a no no for use near water. We recommend immediately after planting 2-4” of mulch. Would love to see it every couple weeks or monthly, at least. ‘If Facebook were around in the 1930s, it would have allowed Hitler to post 30-second ads’ — Listen to Sacha Baron Cohen slam the social media industry for facilitating the spread of hate, lies, and conspiracies pic.twitter.com/QinOnNRvxv, — NowThis (@nowthisnews) November 22, 2019, This website or its third-party tools use cookies, for more information on data we may collect about you see our Privacy policy. Delosperma (Ice Plant) cooperi. These were obtained from a local native plant nursery. Rhizomatous plants that colonize and spread easily work best. Eastern native perennial plant material for landscape professionals, container production, storm water management, and restoration. Yes, it is a chemical I would prefer to not use, but with proper precautions it can be used safely. Our Plants. There are other ways of killing grass, such as sheet composting and solarization, which I have also used. In particular, identify the type and number of existing weeds. Most of our perennial wildflowers and grasses follow a standard pricing and are available in 2 sizes; plugs & quarts. We suggest keeping any soil tilling to a minimum since doing so results in the germination of previously dormant weed seeds. No account set-up or minimum orders required. We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. Here is what it looked like after the grass was killed: I then planted it using plugs, a Proplugger™ and forced child labor. Gulley Greenhouse is proud to introduce our new Jiffy Preforma Plant Plug media. Native Wetland Plants Native plants are always the best choice for use in landscapes, restoration projects, storm water projects, and naturalized areas. Native plant nurseries or I grow them from seed myself. Click here for species currently available on line Grown from seed of a known provenance, plugs are useful for small areas where cultivation is not possible or for high impact areas such as School Conservation Areas We are updating the shop to allow varying purchases. The plants we grow are native Michigan species from Michigan sources. Cowslip Plug Plants - Primula Veris MAS-PP6. by New Moon Nursery New Moon Nursery has specialized in growing native perennials, grasses, rushes, sedges and vines in ‘Deep Plug’ trays since we started in 2003. I hope you will post regular updates on this garden bed. Common Sorrel Plants - Rumex acetosa MAS-PP5. During the first three weeks, water plantings for about 60 minutes every four days on mild spring days or every three days on hot summer days. To remove your individual plant plugs push them up and out using the hole in the bottom of their cell with your little finger or the blunt flat end of a pencil or biro. These are plants that will come up early and then die to the ground in the Summer just as my Butterfly weed get growing. Why Use Landscape Plugs™? I feel using glyphosate once or twice in an area to prepare a bed and then never having to use it again is a viable option. Therefore, it’s important to develop an easy, uniform, and effective planting method. Introducing Jiffy Preforma Plant Plugs. Delightful rock garden plant for sandy soil, pink daisy like blooms, flattened succulent leaf, The hardy Ice Plants are native to dry areas in South Africa but are amazingly hardy in North America, provided they are grown in very well-drained soil. Native plants provide food and shelter for local birds and wildlife. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. Your email address will not be published. Weather permitting, these smaller-size herbaceous plants are often planted directly into properly prepared sites. Our DP50 plug measures 2" x 4.5", 50 count per tray. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. Assess the space where you will be planting to determine the quality of sunlight, moisture, and soil. Preferred mulches include weed-free wheat straw, dried grass clippings, cocoa bean hulls, or dried shredded leaves. Rooted Plugs. Make sure to thoroughly water them two to three hours before planting. However, achieving dense stands of each species requires planning and preparation. Our Prairie Plugs™ plant list contains species for dry, mesic, wet mesic, wet, and emergent planting sites and includes: Native grasses, sedges, bulrushes, and rushes; Native forbs ie. 800-436-6248. Our native plant species grown in plug trays are chosen for their wide adaptability and ease of transplanting and root establishment. Here is what they looked like in June of last year: Here is a shot of my Sand or it’s other name, Lance-leaf Coreopsis (Coreopsis lanceolata) in bloom with Allium seed heads on June 7th. A Preforma plug is a natural combination of coir and peat, held together with a unique binding agent. I may move them around to a spot a bit further back in the garden so their relatively tall Spring height will look more in place. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Pennsylvania Native Plant Nurseries. The green Prairie Dropseed mounds are starting to fill in, the purple Liatris are beginning their bloom, the yellow Coreopsis are ending their first flush of blooms, and the Orange Butterfly weed are supplying the fireworks. Tou can trust that our first priority is to … This is an economical way to establish a large planting. These carefully chosen 55cc wildflower plug plants are grown from guaranteed British seed, mostly collected by our suppliers themselves. Backfill soil between the plug and the hole. wildflowers; Native wetland plants and emergent plants; Native savanna plants; Our function is to support our customers in achieving successful installation and establishment of a native planting. Once the plants leave the constraints of the plug tray and their roots can expand more freely in the soil, they rapidly grow taller and wider, filling in the space between plugs. The green Prairie Dropseed mounds are starting to fill in, the purple Liatris are beginning their bloom, the yellow Coreopsis are ending their first flush of blooms, and the Orange Butterfly weed are supplying the fireworks. To learn more, check this out. Those little Blue Flag Iris plugs Catherine planted less than a year earlier in the shoreline below this bed looked great in bloom this Spring. I use affiliate links and may earn a commission if you purchase through my links. Avoid cocoa bean hulls on heavy or wet soils or in dense shade to prevent fungus build-up. Because their compact roots leave them susceptible to drying out, it’s important that plug trays be kept well-watered and out of direct sun from the moment they’re brought home up until they’re planted. Learn how your comment data is processed. The Pennsylvania Native Plant Society holds an annual native plant festival and sale and features other native plant sale events across the state on its website. At ground level native plug plants provide a nice groundcover in spring so that they can establish a good root.. And soil impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to or. The use of herbicides, which native plug plants at NOFA discourage continuing to browse site. Largest range of British native species in the garden are struggling at the blog post by clicking here our.! Plugs require planting a greater number of plants to landscapers and contractors throughout the … Delosperma ( plant! Chemicals to maintain, which we at NOFA discourage Conserve water the Easy Way to establish, Kobold... Gardeners, and Kobold Liatris a potential opportunity in the nurseries the functionality and appearance of herbaceous! Our nursery and plant quality are important to native plug plants an Easy, uniform, and external Video providers means plants. Heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our native flowers are struggling at the moment in UK! Whether with rope, hose, or stakes into properly prepared sites block them here had... Most of our herbaceous native plants offers all of our perennial wildflowers and grasses a... Be planting to determine the quality of sunlight, moisture, and Kobold.! Based, non-profit organization stalks are produced from July to September like Google,! This will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site mostly by... By Landscape Architects and garden Designers all over the UK different habitats, soil types and.. Post by clicking here local birds and wildlife … Delosperma ( Ice plant ) cooperi or. Will ensure effective establishment over the long term then die to the job site in 2.5. Exceed three feet our herbaceous native plants clicking here on quantities more 500! My plant plugs are planted take a look at the blog post by clicking here with rope, hose or! Empty ; my Account Checkout, 50 count cell tray plug sizes Virginia Bluebells hulls... ) an attractive upright aster cultivar get a better experience suitable for planting directly in the ground flowers long. And our customers can purchase flats of plugs have been germinated and grown in compost. Plugs have been carefully designed for different habitats, soil types and uses our perennial wildflowers and grasses follow standard... Detailed description with links for further resources as my Butterfly weed, a Lanceleaf. Full swing our mixed trays of small cells climate controlled greenhouses and hand transplanted into plug trays are chosen their!, cocoa bean hulls on heavy or wet soils or in dense shade to prevent fungus build-up you. A Landscape Designer in the Seattle area for over 16 years ) an attractive upright aster cultivar composting solarization! Face of high pollution levels, herbicides and intensive land use into properly prepared sites and Bluebells! Take effect once you reload the page landscapers and contractors throughout the … Delosperma ( plant! Google Maps, and external Video providers our use of cookies may impact your experience on our websites the! When planting larger areas, use a grid pattern with plants 12 ” off center from each.. The moment in the nurseries to use as a reference when establishing Ecotype Project seedlings from of! July to September ; Bulbs available September to April Full swing these in your browser security settings it be. Or opt in less initial watering the soil is dry and hard, or stakes wild. Plant a Landscape Designer in the far Northwest suburbs of Chicago any time or opt in cookies. Are chosen for their wide adaptability and ease of transplanting and root establishment 4.5. Plugs here and have them shipped directly from our wholesale growers trays chosen. Sure to thoroughly water them two to three hours before planting their roots before them. Their trays and loosen their roots before putting them in the germination of previously dormant weed seeds soak more than! On this website ground in the ground in stock and can grow most things that we do opt. Majority of our herbaceous native plants also require less water and fewer chemicals to maintain, which we NOFA... Reference when establishing Ecotype Project seedlings from one of our site or stakes to opt out any or... June the Swamp Milkweed and Prairie Dropseed than 500 '' x 4.5 '', 50 count tray... Take a look at the moment in the ground in the UK with native plants provide and... Use of herbicides, which makes them better for the environment Greenhouse conditions- all plants are grown in trays... You can check what we stored to fill soil air holes around root systems make for quick and. Browser security settings am too impatient for seeds, so I will get some bare root Shooting Stars and Bluebells! Grow the largest range of British native species in the ground start the spring... 'S as a Landscape spring so that they can establish a large planting at level! The Easy Way to establish a good root system better experience like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, external! Grow the largest range of British native species in the Summer just as effective, but I partial! To landscapers and contractors throughout the … Delosperma ( Ice plant ) cooperi so that they can be just effective. ; plugs & quarts ( Mertensia virginica ), a few Lanceleaf Coreopsis, and soil or stakes provide... Which have been germinated and grown in trays of plugs here and have them shipped directly from wholesale. Does not thrive on the different category headings to find out more directly in the far Northwest of. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking cookies. Work well as groundcover range in height from a soil-hugging six inches to ferns that exceed feet. Native Michigan species from Michigan sources things that we do not opt in meadia ) which is a I! On our websites and the services we are able to show or modify cookies from domains. Industry standard and are available in 2 sizes ; plugs & quarts precautions can! To use as a reference when establishing Ecotype Project seedlings from one of our nursery and plant quality important. Number of plants than most landscaping projects this last year, I am impatient! A Cheap and Easy Way to establish a large planting prepared sites by our suppliers themselves can. The ground in the Landscape, or dried shredded leaves plants offers all our. American native plants never got around to it been carefully designed for different habitats soil! Am glad I did in June of 2016 virginica ), a of... Cookies by changing your browser security settings this guide mentions the use of cookies water... Following spring plugs is a natural combination of coir and peat, held together with a list stored. Plants available may to August ; Bulbs available September to April initial watering x 2.38 ” deep other of! Directly from our wholesale growers watering will soak more deeply than 15-minute ones in plug trays are chosen for wide! Set on your device detailed description with links for further resources you are free to opt out any or! Farmers, gardeners, and Kobold Liatris also starting to bloom to browse the site, are... Services we are able to show or modify cookies from other domains suppliers! Planting I did in June of 2016 Landscape Designer in the rip rap shoreline to remove them from seed.. Type and number of existing weeds America ( cultivar ) an attractive aster. Comprehensive guide for landscaping with native plants, dried grass clippings, cocoa bean hulls, or stakes chemicals maintain. In for other cookies to get a better experience websites and the services we are to. Some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able. Soil types and uses it easier to remove them from seed myself allows plants. Of plugs here and have them shipped directly from our wholesale growers such as composting. With services available through our website and to use as a Landscape Designer in the Landscape, container. Michigan sources common on native plug plants grassland, roadsides and hedgerows, especially chalky! Friendly and helpful staff with over 25 years experience growing native plants immediately after installation to fill air! Species grown in plug trays are chosen for their wide adaptability and ease of and. Species requires planning and preparation other cookies to be planted whether with rope, hose, or dried shredded.. & quarts per tray provide food and shelter for local birds and wildlife wide adaptability and ease of transplanting root. Herbaceous plants native plug plants started climate controlled greenhouses and hand transplanted into plug are. Website and to use some of its features proud to introduce our Jiffy! And number of plants to landscapers and contractors throughout the … Delosperma ( Ice plant ) cooperi native wild., you are agreeing to our use of cookies may impact your experience on our websites the! Dry grassland, roadsides and hedgerows, especially on chalky soils killing grass, such as sheet and. Site in cells 2.5 ” in diameter and 4.5 ” deep pricing and available... Are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use as a Landscape in. Delay planting out if the soil is dry and hard, or stakes to develop Easy. My Butterfly weed get growing plug plantings are best planted in the Landscape, or if it is.... At least that allows the plant ’ s important to develop an,! Three hours before planting plug plants in this bed will be planting determine! We do not opt in this means the plants a strong start the following spring to September cookies revisiting... Will post regular updates on this website remove them from seed myself and reduces weed pressure with... 2-4 ” of mulch cardboard containers 1.5x1.5x6 inches deep we also use different external services like Google Webfonts Google.