The Spruce uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. A Plant’s Prime Objective; Be Fruitful and Multiply You can scale this process down by placing the seeds and chaff in a bowl or saucer and blowing gently. When you compare commercially bought lettuce to homegrown lettuce, the results are clear — homegrown lettuce will typically be more affordable, healthier for you, and better tasting. You can do it, but there's no telling what you may end up with. VEGETABLES. To prevent this, isolate each plant with a plastic bag or floating row cover to create a mini-greenhouse over each particular species. Once you remove the chaff, place your seeds in a plastic food storage bag or Mason jar, seal it, label it, and store it in a cool, dry place. Lettuce has long been a staple salad ingredient throughout Australia and is very easy to grow from seed. If you are looking for an unusual lettuce, we recommend the „Karola” variety – a celtuce. All seeds are of highest quality, as they come from proven producers only. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Buy Lettuce Salad Crisp Head Great Lakes Green - Desi Vegetable Seeds and 6000+ more gardening products online. Very popular for autumn sowing; can also be sown outdoors in spring and early summer. There are a couple of ways to complete this process properly. Pinetree Garden Seeds is proud to offer lettuce seed packets in many different varieties. University of Illinois Website, How to Grow Lettuce. YOUR CART IS EMPTY. Heirloom seeds represent original varieties passed down from generation to generation, assuring their vitality. Instead, place them on the surface of your soil-starting medium. Once the flower heads are fluffy and dry, it's time to harvest the seeds. Reduce seed waste and time spent thinning by using pelleted seeds. Lettuce takes 65 to 120 days to mature from seed germination through harvest. Harvesting Lettuce Seeds Once the flower heads are fluffy and dry, it's time to harvest the seeds. All five varieties of lettuce (stem, loose-leaf, butterhead, crisphead and romaine) produce seeds in a similar manner: by sending up a seed stalk in the center of the plant. Run a straight groove along the bed, about 1cm deep. Lettuce is cool-season crop that grows well in the spring and fall in most regions. After seed harvest, go through your collection and remove the fluff and chaff to isolate the seeds. How to Sow. 0 Items in Cart. Hybrid seeds, on the other hand, will not grow into the same plant due next year to a phenomenon called "hybrid vigor" where certain characteristics outcompete others in subsequent crops. Saving and then planting hybrid seeds is a crapshoot. Lettuce seedlings will even tolerate a light frost. It produces very tender, delicious leaves that turn slightly reddish as they mature. Easier to see, handle, and less likely to jam in mechanical planters. Read our, How to Harvest Cucumber Seeds From Your Garden, Seed Saving - Quick Tips for Saving Your Garden Favorites, How to Save Beans to Plant in Next Year's Garden, How to Save Tomato Seeds to Grow Next Year, 10 Great Varieties of Heirloom Pole Beans, Difference Between Heirloom, Hybrid, and GMO Vegetables, How to Grow Mexican Hat Plants (Ratibida columnifera). We recommend the … Running to the store for groceries is a thing of the past – when you buy lettuce seeds online, you can grow what you need right at home. Lettuce is a cool season crop, meaning it prefers to be grown in mid to late Spring and (early) Autumn (Fall). We have seeds for many different varieties of lettuce, including Little Gem, Red Iceberg and Lollo Rossa. Michigan State University Extension Website. 2  One involves holding a paper bag near the plant and shaking the flower head over it daily until most of the ripened seed is gone. Harris Seeds is a privately owned seed company with a long tradition of supplying the finest vegetable seeds, flower seeds, plants and supplies to growers and gardeners since 1879. Also known as flowering cabbage or flowering kale. Some heirloom seeds are even documented and can come from a variety that's well over 50 years old. There are seeds of different lettuce varieties available in our store. From red leaf and romaine to more exotic types of lettuce, you’ll be able to experiment and try something new with every meal you make. Pull the seed heads from the flower stalks 12 to 24 days after about one-half the plants flower and collect them in a brown paper bag. Add novelty to cool-season bouquets and landscapes with the long-lasting rosettes of ornamental kale. With our excellent selection of lettuce seeds you can grow fresh, great-tasting leaves in your own garden. Avoid sowing in the hottest and coldest months of the year, try sowing in short rows every fortnight to ensure continuity of cropping. Before you go to the effort of saving your lettuce seeds, first, make sure to save seeds only from open-pollinated or heirloom varieties. Open-pollinated and heirloom plants both grow true to seed for years to come. Lettuce seeds are easy and quick to grow. Pick from varieties such as the Iceberg, Cos Lettuce or even Red and Green varieties, there are plenty to choose from to suit your needs. Try the „Olenka” variety that produces tender and delicious leaves. A New Source of Maize Hybrid Vigor. This assures the pollen of one flower won't be passed onto another variety to create a hybrid seed. Pinetree Garden Seeds is proud to offer lettuce seed packets in many different varieties. They do not transplant well in warm weather, so later sowings are best sown directly. The „Lollo Rossa” cultivar will decorate different dishes with its curly, scarlet leaves. The flowers will wilt and give way to pappus, or white feather-like parachutes. Lettuce flowers don’t need pollinators to produce seed, the flowers grow into each other and pollinate themselves. Loosen the soil to at least 30 cm deep. Grow in the ground or in containers, and with repeat sowings will give an all year round supply. Lettuce is a must-have for the vegetable garden as it adds bulk and texture to salads and salad sandwiches.There are amazing varieties that are red, green, speckled or frilly, just the thing to make a spectacular salad to impress your friends and family. If your lettuce was planted in full sun and temperatures have constantly been over 75°F (24°C) during the … How to Grow and Save Lettuce SeedIt is very hard not to grow lettuce seed. The function of these in nature is to carry the seed on the wind so that it can grow somewhere else. Waiting out this awkward growing cycle—when some veggies plants look plump and beautiful while the greens are past their prime—is hard to do for those who value garden aesthetics. Sow any time soils are above 40°F. For some reason, when we don’t want vegetable plants to flower, such as lettuce or other greens, we call it bolting instead of flowering.“Bolting” conjures up a slightly negative thought, as opposed to the “flowering”. (think of the dandelion weeds you may see on lawns). This little plant when homegrown tastes so much better than the vacuum-packed shop-bought lettuces we are offered. Best of all, our lettuce seed packets contain no GMOs – … To add a bit of variety to the Lettuces you grow, try growing one from each of the four main lettuce seed varieties that we offer: Cos, Loose Leaf, Crisphead and Butterhead. Lettuce & Leaf Seeds Lettuce is easy to grow and there is nothing that beats fresh lettuce on tap. An entire lettuce crop can be lost if the plants respond to early warm temperatures and "bolt," producing flowers and seeds before marketable heads of lettuce have formed. A dwarf, compact lettuce with crisp, succulent, dark green hearts. Its name means „Wonder of the Four Seasons”. Most lettuces start to bolt when summer temperatures get hot. The plant will produce small clusters of flowers. Both tactics will work, yet the first method takes more time and effort and the second method yields fewer seeds since you pull the plant before they all ripen. For direct sowings, sow outdoors thinly where they are to crop, 1.5cm(1/2in) deep, directly into finely prepared soil which has already been watered. 2. Among the older seed varieties, crisphead lettuces in the romaine or cos group tend to be the slowest to bolt, while looseleaf lettuce tends to be the quickest. The breeze from the fan will blow away trimmings. Arugula Aspabroc Asparagus Bean Beet Broccoli Brussels Sprout Buckwheat Cabbage Carrot Cauliflower Celeriac Celery Clover Collard Corn Cover Crops Cucumber Deer and Turkey Mix; Easy Veggies Eggplant Endive Gourd Greens Ground Cherry Kale Kalettes Kohlrabi Leek Lettuce Mangel Melon Microgreens Okra Onion … Next, you want to pull the actual lettuce flower pods off. The good news is that you don't need a lot of plants to produce seeds. In fact, one plant per variety will provide more than enough seed for next year's harvest. And you won't even see them if you plan your garden's layout with this in mind. Mops, buckets and floor cleaning accessories, Fertilizers for balcony and terrace plants, Iceberg lettuce "Kumak" - for cultivation in greenhouses and in the field - COATED SEEDS, Field butterhead lettuce "Green Regina" - does not shoot flowering stalks, Butterhead lettuce Dippego - late variety, Butterhead lettuce Madera - early, delicious variety, Greenhouse lettuce "Safir" - winter harvest - 450 seeds, Red butterhead lettuce "Rosemarry" - 900 seeds, Butterhead lettuce "Queen of May" - NANO-GRO - increase harvest volume by 30%, Lettuce "Kumak" - NANO-GRO - increase harvest volume by 30%, Butterhead lettuce Edyta Ozarowska - large, bright green heads - COATED SEEDS, Leaf mustard Red Frills; brown mustard, Chinese mustard, Indian mustard, Oriental mustard, Leaf mustard Green Fire F1; brown mustard, Chinese mustard, Indian mustard, Oriental mustard, Iceberg lettuce "Traper" - pale green leaves - 900 seeds, Butterhead lettuce "Lento" - for all-year cultivation - 900 seeds, Butterhead lettuce "Nochowska" - ideal for sandwiches - 1800 seeds, Butterhead lettuce "Panter" - medium early variety - 900 seeds, Winter butterhead lettuce "Humil" - 900 seeds, Celtuce "Purpurat"; stem lettuce, asparagus lettuce, cellery lettuce, Chinese lettuce. Once the plant sends up its seed stalk, the leaves become bitter and tough, making them unpleasant to eat. Lettuce is most often used for salads, although it is also seen in other kinds of food, such as soups, sandwiches and wraps; it can also be grilled. There are a couple of ways to complete this process properly. One involves holding a paper bag near the plant and shaking the flower head over it daily until most of the ripened seed is gone. Saving seeds allows you to cherry-pick the varieties that perform well in your garden or heirloom varieties that are hard to obtain. If you care for nature, try out certified organic lettuce seeds, that have been grown from plants cultivated without artificial fertilisers, nor chemical control agents. It produces crisp, bright green leaved heads in 90 days, and stands well without bolting during hot summer weather as well as doing well when sown in succession for summer cropping. This marks the time when the plant is ready to bloom. Find a large selection of lettuce seed types including green leaf lettuce seeds, head lettuce, red leaf lettuce, Romaine lettuce, and baby lettuce mixes Growing Tips - Lettuce can be grown in any sunny location, and in just about any type of situation. Over time, seeds saved from your garden adapt to their particular growing conditions making your seeds specifically suitable to your garden, assuring a fruitful harvest. The Harris Seeds team includes local growers and garden enthusiasts, whose invaluable knowledge and expertise allow us to better serve you. Interestingly enough, flowering and bolting are the same thing. Get 1 Free Product Today All India Delivery Lowest prices. These flowers contain the plant's pollen and will eventually produce a puffball full of seeds that, if left to its own device, will disperse to other parts of the garden. When lettuce bolts and runs to seed long before the plants mature it’s usually a sign that the plants were stressed in some manner. Lettuce is a nutritional staple that you should always have on hand, so why not include it in your home garden? To do this, pour your seed onto a shallow dish or tray and gently run a fan nearby. Lettuce seeds require no prior treatment. Many gardeners have had success growing lettuce throughout the summer by planting it in a shaded spot in the garden. Simple answer is yes, flower shoots on lettuce is a sure sign of bolting. Growing Lettuce in the UK is ideal as they like lots of rain and dislike hot conditions. Colleen Vanderlinden is a freelance writer and the author of Edible Gardening for the Midwest. Lettuce, Mixed Chiltern Seeds Hardy Winter Lettuce Mix £2.35 Erysimum cheiri, 'Sugar Rush' Series, F1 Hybrid, Sugar Rush Purple Bicolor' £2.95 Items to Sow Now Best sellers Our Favourites Seeds for Pollinators New for 2021 If you are planning to grow your own lettuce, it is important to plant your lettuce seeds in loose, well-drained soil that gets lots of sunlight. If you are growing more than one variety of lettuce and they are blooming at the same time, you run the risk of cross-pollinating species. Lettuce is generally a rich source of vitamins K and A, though the nutritional quality varies, depending on the variety. The blooms resemble small dandelions and the plant gets quite tall as if it's reaching for the sun. Sow a new row every 3 weeks and you will have a continuous harvest of fresh lettuce. Those of you who live in the South will be able to enjoy fresh lettuce throughout the entire winter. If you have a garden full of lettuce, mesclun, and arugula, saving your own seeds is an economical way to propagate next year's crop. It is commonly called stem lettuce, as it produces long, reddish and delicious stems. If you care for nature, try out certified organic lettuce seeds, that have been grown from plants cultivated without artificial fertilisers, nor chemical control agents. After a bolt, it's time to harvest your seeds. Open-pollinated varieties are more genetically diverse, allowing them to better adapt to specific growing conditions. It is commonly called stem lettuce, as it produces long, reddish and delicious stems. Lettuce seeds can be sown either in trays of compost for planting out later, or direct in the garden. This heritage, medium to large-hearted lettuce, was the first true iceberg-type lettuce, with a denser head than any European variety bred prior to it. Steps on how to save lettuce seeds: Look for the lettuce flowers that are white and look nice and fluffy. Lettuce- How to grow from seed. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series. You may choose from different varieties that differ in size and compactness of heds, colour and shape of the leaf blades or intended use. Non-GMO Seeds. And maybe you should test the iceberg lettuce „Queen of Summer”, that develops green, large heads consisting of delicious, crunchy leaves.   You can tuck it behind or under taller plants or grow it in pots that can be moved to a shadier site. This variety fits well into salads or can be added to many dishes. Choose from our wide assortment of pelleted lettuce seed, pelleted carrot seed (and more) to increase your sowing efficiency. We recommend the „Meraviglia delle quattro stagioni” butterhead lettuce variety. Perfect for use in sandwiches or salads, growing your own lettuce is perfect for kick-starting your healthy eating regime. If plants are situated more than 25 feet apart, you don't need to worry about crossing. Alternative Title: Lactuca sativa Lettuce, (Lactuca sativa), annual leaf vegetable of the aster family (Asteraceae). Small, tender lettuce leaves are pretty to look at and delicious to eat, but when the plant goes to seed, it looks gangly and unattractive as it bolts (sends up a flower stalk to produce seeds). Seeds take anywhere from 12 to 24 days after blooming to ripen. You can also construct a cage covered in a screen and place it over an entire plant to isolate it from others. RHS Award of Garden Merit winner.Tom says: Quick and easy lettuces are many peoples first veggie crop. Most lettuce varieties are eaten fresh and are commonly served as the base of green salads. Note: When starting lettuce from seed tape, do not cover the seeds, as light aids germination. That’s not uncommon and can be the result of drought, high temperatures, overcrowding, or other unfavorable growing conditions. This variety produces large heads rather early. One of the most popular varieties, „Queen of May”, may also arouse your interest. Wild lettuce really has 2 stages of growth, the rosette stage and the flowering stage. How long it stays in rosette and when it decides to go up to flower are really determined by when the seed was planted and what kind of conditions predominate in your area (and especially how cold your winter is). 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