read more. He was the grandson of Muhammad I and great-grandson of Muhammad I. He was carried to the palace of his mother Fatima, and there succumbed to his wounds. Popular Posts. Ismail I (1279–1325) was the fifth Nasrid ruler of the Emirate of Granada (map pictured) on the Iberian Peninsula, from 1314 to 1325. He was murdered by his relative, Muhammad ibn Ismail, on 8 July 1325, for personal reasons. Ismail also negotiated peace with Don Juan Manuel, acting as the leader of Murcia, part of the Castilian realms which separated Granada and Aragon. He claimed the throne during the reign of his maternal uncle, Sultan Nasr, after a rebellion started by his father Abu Said Faraj. [18] Soon Ismail restarted the rebellion, with help from his mother Fatima and Uthman ibn Abi al-Ula, the commander of the North African Volunteers of the Faith garrisoned in the city. [14], Fearing the sultan's vengeance, Abu Said sent his katib (secretary) Ibn Isa to negotiate a secret deal with the Marinids, in which he was to yield Málaga in exchange for the governorship of Salé in North Africa. Date of birth. Peter was joined by his co-regent, Infante John, and they advanced to Granada in mid-June. Ismail was proclaimed sultan in February 1314. One of the blows hit the sultan's neck just above the collarbone. He died in 1325 and was succeeded by his son, Muhammad  I, who ruled until his death in 1328. Jump to: General, Art, Business, Computing, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Religion, Science, Slang, Sports, Tech, Phrases We found one dictionary with English definitions that includes the word ismail i of granada: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "ismail i of granada" is defined. This campaign included the first use of cannons in a siege, and atrocities during the assault of Martos which became infamous in Muslim chronicles. Prince Ismail of Granada, (1279-1325), 5th Sultan of Granada (r. 1314-1325), married with issue. [2] The lineage of sultans beginning with Ismail is now called al-dawla al-isma'iliyya al-nasriyya, "the Nasrid dynasty of Ismail", in contrast to al-dawla al-ghalibiyya al-nasriyya, "the Nasrid dynasty of al-Ghalib", named after Muhammad I's nickname al-Ghalib billah ("The Victor by the Grace of God") and to which the first four sultans belonged. Wikipedia. A grandson of Muhammad II on the side of his mother Fatima, he was the first of the lineage of sultans now known as the al-dawla al-isma'iliyya al-nasriyya (the Nasrid dynasty of Ismail). [65] The Nasrid dynasty did not have a specific rule of succession, but Ismail I was the first of the few rulers who descended matrilineally from the royal line. According to historian María Jesús Rubiera Mata, in this she was "as gifted with great qualities" as her husband. Ismail I of Granada. [2] Málaga was the second largest city of the Emirate of Granada after the capital, Granada, and its most important Mediterranean port, without which "Granada was no more than an isolated mountain-girt city," according to the historian L. P. [5] Through a combination of diplomatic and military manoeuvres, the emirate succeeded in maintaining its independence, despite being located between two larger neighbours: the Christian Crown of Castile to the north and the Muslim Marinid Sultanate in Morocco. Real name Abu Al - Walid Ismail, fifth Nasrid sultan of Granada (1313-1325). Authors from both sides considered this outcome a judgement from God, with Ibn Khaldun declaring it "one of the most marvelous of God's interventions in favor of the true faith". [46][47] Ismail appointed Abu Nu'aym Ridwan, a Castilian-Catalan convert to Islam, as tutor of the prince Muhammad. He claimed the throne during the reign of his uncle, Sultan Nasr, after a rebellion started by his father Abu Said Faraj. He claimed the throne during the reign of his uncle, Sultan Nasr, after a rebellion … [9] Towards the end of his life, he separated from Alwa due to an unknown act of disobedience; she was still alive at the death of Muhammad IV in 1333. [9] Poems celebrating some of Ismail's military accomplishments were written in the Dar al-Mamlaka al-Saida (Happy House of the Kingdom) in the Generalife of the Alhambra. Muhammad IV, (1315-1333), 6th Sultan of Granada … Ismail was the first of the lineage of sultans now known as the al-dawla al-isma’iliyya al-nasriyya. [9][39][40] Ismail ordered the rebuilding of defences in the conquered places, and worked on the moat of Huéscar with his own hands. Check it out: https://ift.tt/3drOwQA Summary: Ismail I (1279–1325) was the fifth Nasrid ruler of the Emirate of Granada (map pictured) on the Iberian Peninsula, from 1314 to 1325. [20], Opposition to Nasr continued, and members of the anti-Nasr faction fled the court to Ismail's stronghold of Málaga. After an initial truce, Ismail followed up his victory with the capture of castles on the Castilian border in 1324 and 1325, including Baza, Orce, Huéscar, Galera, and Martos. Biographers emphasise his enforcement of the prohibition of alcohol, and he increased punishments for those who violated it. He claimed the throne during the reign of his maternal uncle, Sultan Nasr, after a rebellion started by his father Abu Said Faraj. The war continued with intermittent truces and reached its climax in the Battle of the Vega on 25 June 1319, which resulted in a complete victory for Ismail’s forces, led by Uthman ibn Abi al-Ula, over Castile. Ismail I (1279–1325) was the fifth Nasrid ruler of the Emirate of Granada (map pictured) on the Iberian Peninsula, from 1314 to 1325. [27], Peter invaded Granada again in 1317, pillaging the countryside in the plain of Granada in July, and then captured Bélmez. [33] They arrived in the city's vicinity on 23 June,[33] but decided to turn back on the 25th. Ismail I of Granada is a featured article; it (or a previous version of it) has been identified as one of the best articles produced by the Wikipedia community. [31] At this point, Peter's intention was probably not the restoration of Nasr but rather the total conquest of Granada, and he declared, "I would not be a son of King Don Sancho, if, within a few years, if God gives me life, I did not cause the house of Granada to be restored to the Crown of Spain. He spent the early years of his reign fighting Nasr, who attempted to regain the throne from his base in Guadix, where he was initially allowed to rule as governor. As Ismail moved towards Granada, his army swelled and the capital's inhabitants opened the city gates for him. Ismail I was the grandson of Muhammed II al-Faqih and the fifth Nasrid ruler of the Moorish Emirate of Granada in Al-Andalus on the Iberian Peninsula in 1314–1325. He reigned from 23 August 1359 until his death. Abu al-Walid Ismail II ibn Yusuf (أبو الوليد إسماعيل بن يوسف , 4 October 1339 – 24 June 24 or 13 July 1360) was the ninth Nasrid ruler of the Emirate of Granada on the Iberian Peninsula. This article appeared on Wikipedia's Main Page as Today's featured article on September 4, 2020. The terms include a provision that Granada could use Murcian territory in case of war against Aragon, in which case Murcia must not warn Aragon of its troops' movement. During the assault Ismail lost control of his troops, who proceeded to sack the city and massacred its inhabitants. Ismail I of Granada https://ift.tt/2GmpDKc. Peter fell from his horse, either struck down by blows while trying to lead his troops[26] or entangled when charging a Granadan horseman on his own,[33] and immediately died. [26][27] Meanwhile, Ismail allied himself with Yahya ibn Abi Talib, the Azafid governor of Ceuta, who defeated Castile in a naval battle and then laid siege to Gibraltar. [1][22] According to the Encyclopaedia of Islam's entry of the Nasrid dynasty, Nasr's departure for Guadix took place on 8 February (21 Shawwal). Historians characterise him as an effective ruler who improved the emirate's position with military victories during his reign. Compounding their image problem, they both often dressed in the Castilian manner. [4], The emirate was the last Muslim state on the Iberian Peninsula, founded by Muhammad I in the 1230s. Christian sources reported another motive for the assassination: according to the Chronicles of Alfonso XI, Muhammad ibn Ismail captured a Christian woman at Martos, whom Ismail wanted to be given to him. [41] Ismail's last campaign was the siege of Martos, from 22 June to 6 July 1325. 0 Comments: ‹‹ Newer Post Older Post ›› Ad Space 300x250. [23] He also appointed Uthman ibn al-Ula as the commander of the western section of the jund (regular army), in charge of facing the Castilian threat, in addition to his post as the commander of the Volunteers of the Faith. Harvey argues for the latter interpretation, because the report mentions that the device fired an iron ball (kurra hadidin) and made a "thunderous noise" as it happens, and because these details were also corroborated by a different eyewitness (unnamed by Harvey). Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). [37] An eight-year truce was agreed between the hermandad and Ismail at Baena on 18 June 1320, and effectively ended Castile's support for Nasr. [9][12] Biographers described him as a person who loved hunting and who had long, dark-red beard. He/She was the grandson of sultan Muhammad II.Born in Granada, in the year 1279, and died in the same city, in the year 1325, murdered in the course of a public hearing in front of the Palace of … He prohibited the performance of female slave singers in gatherings attended by men. Buy Now. [8], Ismail was born on 3 March 1279 (17 Shawwal 677 AH), shortly after his father Abu Said was sent to Málaga as governor on 11 February. Samuel ha-Nagid, Arabic Ismail Ibn NagrelÊ¿a, (born 993, Córdoba, Spain—died 1055/56, Granada), Talmudic scholar, grammarian, philologist, poet, warrior, and statesman who for two decades was the power behind the throne of the caliphate of Granada.. As a youth Samuel received a thorough education in all branches of … Jump to: General, Art, Business, Computing, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Religion, Science, Slang, Sports, Tech, Phrases We found one dictionary with English definitions that includes the word ismail ii of granada: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "ismail ii of granada" is defined. [53][54] Harvey cautions that an outsider's account with such colourful details on "what went on behind closed doors" might not be reliable, especially as it differs from other sources. His father, Abu Said, was also a member of the royal family, the son of Ismail ibn Nasr who was a brother of the dynasty founder Muhammad I. Ismail I (1279–1325) was the fifth Nasrid ruler of the Emirate of Granada (map pictured) on the Iberian Peninsula, from 1314 to 1325. who attempted to regain the throne from his base in Guadix, where he was initially allowed to rule as governor. [9] He imposed the jizya tax on the Jews which resulted in a significant revenue. Abu’l-Walid Ismail I ibn Faraj was the fifth Nasrid ruler of the Emirate of Granada on the Iberian Peninsula from 1314 to 1325. 1981 UEFA Cup Final https://ift.tt/3l2NU7F 1325. [9] Ismail and his mother subsequently moved to Málaga, where his father served as an effective governor and a trusted advisor for Muhammad II and later Muhammad III. I. Ismail Salem's 4 research works with 17 citations and 42 reads, including: The effect of recrystallization on the crystal growth, melting point … [10] Ismail had a younger brother, named Muhammad, whose birth date was unknown. [37] Nasr died without heir in Guadix in 1322, and Ismail reunited the territories formally under his control with the emirate. Ismail was the first of the lineage of sultans now known as the al-dawla al-isma’iliyya al-nasriyya. Ismail was proclaimed sultan in February 1314. [34] The Granadan forces, thinking the Castilians were preparing for battle, attacked their camp, killing and capturing many Castilians and looting their camp. She died in 1279 and was buried in Granada in 1280. The deaths in the battle of Infante Peter and Infante John, the two regents for the infant King Alfonso XI, left Castile leaderless and forced it to end support for Nasr. Ismail I of Granada. John suddenly became incapacitated, "neither dead or alive", when he was trying to rally his troops after hearing the news about Peter; he would die later at night. Ismail collapsed, prompting his vizier Ibn Mas'ud to come to his defense. [44], Among his ministers were Abu Fath al-Fihri and Abu al-Hasan ibn Mas'ud al-Muharibi, who shared the function of the vizier (chief minister). From time to time, the sultan of Granada swore fealty and paid tributes to the kings of Castile, an important source of income for the Castile kings. [33], The ensuing Battle of the Vega of Granada resulted in a complete Muslim victory. [3] Abu Said's father, Ismail ibn Nasr, had also served as its governor until he died in 1257. Peter began preparations for another invasion and told Ismail he had to break the truce and stop receiving Granadan money because of the papal bull; Ismail denounced this act as a betrayal. [1], The first years of Ismail's reign were marked by conflict with the deposed Nasr, who called himself "King of Guadix" and ruled the city independently. The war continued with intermittent truces and reached its climax in the Battle of the Vega on 25 June 1319, which resulted in a complete victory for Ismail's forces, led by Uthman ibn Abi al-Ula, over Castile. Ismail was proclaimed sultan in February 1314. About Ismail I of Granada in brief. [13] Initially, he faced an attempted coup to restore his predecessor, the dethroned Muhammad III, in November 1310. Another concubine was Bahar, who bore Yusuf (Muhammad successor's Yusuf I), and from another, Qamar, was born Ismail's youngest, named Ismail. Muhammad then discussed this with Uthman ibn Abi al-Ula, who agreed to join the plot to kill Ismail. Ismail I of Granada biography & Wikipedia+ article with 104 related articles, pictures, and YouTube videos. "[31][32] Peter invaded Granadan territories in May 1319 and captured Tíscar on the 26th. Their forces defeated the unpopular Nasr and Ismail was proclaimed sultan in the Alhambra in February 1314. Later, during Ismail's reign, he was moved to the castle of Salobreña, where he died in 1320. [45] Ismail named the renowned poet Ibn al-Jayyab as his royal secretary,[9] and Muhammad ibn al-Mahruq as officer in charge of the his finances, titled the wakil. He also had a son, Ismail I ibn Nasr, who served as governor of the Granada Emirate from 1257 to 1279. Ismail then agreed to pay tribute to Castile in exchange for another truce. Even so, if you can update or improve it, please do so. A Christian named 'Alwa was his favourite, who was the mother of Muhammad (his successor Muhammad IV), Faraj, and two daughters: Fatima and Maryam. [9][25] Contemporary Muslim and Christian sources disagreed on the victor of this battle, but modern historians have concluded that Castile won the battle: Harvey and Fernández-Puertas infer that the Castilians achieved a narrow victory based on the fact that they advanced closer to Granada after the battle,[1][26] while Joseph F. O'Callaghan wrote that it was a "complete victory" which resulted in the death of 1,500 Muslims. He claimed the throne during the reign of his uncle, Sultan Nasr, after a rebellion started by his father Abu Said Faraj. He ordered Jews to wear a distinctive mark, a practice rarely enforced by Islamic monarchs. They were more useful in bringing down castle walls than defending them and the prevailing geopolitical balance meant that in the following period, the much larger Castile was much more often in the offensive, until its final conquest of Granada in 1492. "[13] The historian Antonio Fernández-Puertas links Nasr's unpopularity to his activities in science, especially astronomy, which were deemed excessive by his nobles. [56] The vizier – who was seriously wounded in the attack – and Fatima rallied the court to secure the succession of Ismail's ten years old son Muhammad, now Muhammad IV. Ismail arrived before his father was harmed, then ordered his imprisonment in the castle of Cártama. Ismail was born to Martha and Shaykh Haydar on July 17, 1487 in Ardabil. Abu'l-Walid Ismail I ibn Faraj (Arabic: أبو الوليد إسماعيل الأول بن فرج‎, 3 March 1279 – 8 July 1325) was the fifth Nasrid ruler of the Emirate of Granada on the Iberian Peninsula from 1314 to 1325. His father, Haydar, was the sheikh of the Safaviyya Sufi order and a direct descendant of its Kurdish [9] [10] [11] founder, Safi-ad-din Ardabili (1252–1334). Ismail was proclaimed sultan in February 1314. His daughter, Fatima, was married to Abu Said’s son-in-law, Abu Said Faraj, who was also governor of Málaga. Ismail was proclaimed sultan in February 1314. However, peace between Granada and Aragon held and their truce was renewed in 1326. Through a combination of diplomatic and military manoeuvres, theEmirate succeeded in maintaining its independence, despite being located between two larger neighbours: the Christian Crown of Castiles to the north and the Muslim Marinid Sultanate in Morocco. He reigned from 23 August 1359 until his death. A grandson of Muhammad II on the side of his mother Fatima, he was the first of the lineage of sultan Date of death. [9] Nasr was permitted to leave for the eastern city of Guadix on the night of 19 February,[9] where he ruled as governor. This campaign included the first use of cannons in a siege on the Iberian Peninsula, and atrocities during the assault of Martos which became infamous in Muslim chronicles. [62] Another son of Ismail succeeded Muhammad IV as Yusuf I (r. Abu Abdullah Muhammad ibn Ismail (Arabic: أبو عبد الله محمد الرابع ‎), known as Muhammad IV, (14 April 1315 – 25 August 1333) was the ruler of the Emirate of Granada on the Iberian Peninsula from 1325 to 1333. [9] The historian Hugh N. Kennedy called him "a vigorous and effective ruler" who "might have achieved much more had he not been assassinated". [35][36], The death of the two Castilian regents at the Battle of the Vega and the thorough defeat of their forces effectively ended the Castilian threat to Ismail's throne. Ismail rejected this condition. Abu Alvelide Ismail/Ismael [1] (Abu al-Walid Isma`il) ou Ismail/Ismael ibne Farague (Ismail ibn Faraǧ) (1279 – 6 de julho de 1325) foi o quinto rei nasrida Granada, que reinou desde 1314 até à sua morte em 1325 como Ismail I.Sucedeu no trono ao seu tio Abu al-Juyuch Nasr e foi sucedido pelo seu filho Maomé IV.. Ismail era filho da princesa Fátima, filha de Maomé II de Granada… [25] Castile sent a supply column to Nasr, again besieged in Guadix, but it was intercepted by Granadan forces led by Uthman ibn Abi al-Ula, resulting in a major battle on 8 May at Guadahortuna/Wadi Fortuna near Alicún. He is buried in the Alhambra palace complex, its Generalife palace, and the Alcázar Genil palace. This page is based on the article Ismail I of Granada published in Wikipedia (as of Nov. 06, 2020) and was automatically summarized using artificial intelligence. [9], Historians report the use of the cannon at one of the Ismail's sieges in 1324 or 1325, which would be the weapon's first-ever use on the Iberian peninsula, but there are differing details and interpretation. [42][43][1], Compared to other sultans, Ismail enforced a stricter and more orthodox implementation of Islamic law. The second son of Yusuf I, he was initially the favourite of his father due to the influence of his mother … Biography of sultán de Granada Ismail I (1279-1325). [14] Castile's forces under the brother of King Ferdinand IV (r. 1285–1312), Infante Peter, defeated Abu Said and Ismail on 28 May 1312. [29] Ismail expected another attack to be imminent: Castile and Aragon had secured a crusading bull in 1317 from Pope John XXII, who also authorised the use of funds levied by the church to support the war. Ismail I of Granada. 1981 UEFA Cup Final. Ismail's father, Abu Said Faraj was also a member of the royal family, the son of Ismail ibn Nasr, who was a brother of the dynasty founder Muhammad I (r. 1238–1273). [15] That attempt failed, but Abu Said Faraj, encouraged by an anti-Nasr faction he met at court, started another rebellion the following year in the name of his son Ismail, who had a stronger claim to the throne thanks to the lineage of his mother. He claimed the throne during the reign of his uncle, Sultan Nasr, after a rebellion started by his father Abu Said Faraj. Is Ismail I Sultan of Granada still alive? [19] Abu Said sought peace, which was signed on 5 August,[9] under which Abu Said was able to retain his post as governor of Málaga and resumed paying tributes to the sultan. [63] The Castilians eventually developed their own cannons, and exploited them more successfully than Granada. Ismail I of Granada Blogger IFTTT September 04, 2020. 1279. [33] Demoralized at Peter's death and John's incapacitation, the remaining Castilian commanders began a disorderly retreat. [49], O'Callaghan called him "one of the most effective kings of Granada",[39] while Vidal Castro characterised his reign as "very active and belligerent, which brought al-Andalus to a stronger position against its enemies". Ifttt September 04, 2020 enforced by Islamic monarchs 1333–1354 ) in February 1314 and exploited them successfully. Iii and Nasr then agreed to a truce until 31 March 1317 for September 4, 2020 is I... For personal reasons 20 ], Ismail I of Granada as Ismail towards! The grandson of Muhammad I in the 1230s 1325, for personal reasons by II... This she was `` as gifted with great qualities '' as her husband 1313-1325 ) Opposition to Nasr continued and. As Ismail moved towards Granada, ( 1279-1325 ) as her husband falling out with his father but kept under. `` as gifted with great qualities '' as her husband the lineage of sultans now as! 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