Another distinctive characteristic of a Spitz dog is its tail. Light eyes are preferred. [6], "General Brochure in English on Lundehund.pdf", "Microsoft Word - 454D7379-0C1F-28660E.doc", "Saving the Norwegian Lundehund: an update from Milo". The ears should be regularly inspected and cleaned if needed. On February 12, 2010, the Board of Directors of the American Kennel Club voted to accept the Norwegian Lundehund into the AKC stud book on December 1, 2010. Originating on remote islands of arctic Norway, the dog was used to wrestle and retrieve live puffin birds from the crevices of steep vertical cliffs. Some scientific research indicates that they may have been around since before the last Ice age, and they are the only dog breed created to hunt puffins and their eggs! Their native land in Norway is full of steep peaks and slippery rocks, and this extra toe helps to provide them with better grip and traction. To enable its ability to hunt in small spaces, the Norwegian Lundehund also has a very flexible neck that can bend backwards to the spine, as well as flexible shoulder structure and ears that close both forwards and backwards. There are seven pads with the center pad elongated. This is one of the world’s rarest breed, originated from the remote islands of the Arctic Norway, is a small rectangular and agile Spitz breed with unique features. The breed is being tested in Tromsø airport by the Norwegian Air Traffic and Airport Management as a solution to airplane bird strikes. Norwegian Lundehund Personality traits and Temperament. [4] There are indications that for the Lundehund to go on a low fat and higher protein diet has very positive effects on the health with respect to digestive problems. These dogs unusually have six toes per foot rather than the usual four. The Norwegian Lundehund is a type of Spitz dog breed. Weight: 6–7 kilograms (13–15 lb); there is no weight range in the American Kennel Club breed standard. It has six toes on each front paw, one on each resembling a human thumb, while the rest of the toes are triple-jointed rather than the average double-jointed seen in other breeds. Around 1900, they were only found in the isolated village of Mostad (spelled Måstad in Norwegian), Lofoten. The Norwegian Lundehund is a small Spitz-type dog. Ears – medium-size, triangular, broad at the base, carried erect and very mobile. General Appearance: The Norwegian Lundehund is a small rectangular and agile Spitz breed with unique characteristics not found in any other breed. At a glance, Lundehunds seem a typical northern breed: A spitz type with triangular ears, curving tail, and a dense double coat. When viewed from behind, the rear legs are close but parallel. Its flexibility and extra toes were ideal for hunting of birds in their places of nesting in the inaccessible cliffs and caves. Feet: Oval, slightly outward turned with a minimum of six toes, of which four support the dog’s weight. In fact, Norsk Lundehund is the only dog with such paws, which is quite remarkable. Why do they have these toes? Your Dog Deserves Nothing But the Best: Meet AKC Canine Retreat in Midtown West Manhattan, iy_2021; im_01; id_01; ih_13; imh_20; i_epoch:1609536044654, py_2020; pm_12; pd_13; ph_23; pmh_04; p_epoch:1607929499404, link-block-publisher; link-block-publisher_link-block-publisher; bodystr, pn_tstr:Sun Dec 13 23:04:59 PST 2020; pn_epoch:1607929499404. In ancient times these dogs were known for hunting puffins and other small birds, as well as fish. Finally, the ears close and fold forward or backward to protect from debris. He also hides his food and toys, going to great lengths to find just the right place to stash his treasures. This time, only six dogs survived, one on Værøy and five in southern Norway, Hamar. The forefeet turn slightly outwards to give room for the extra toes. The Norwegian Lundehund is probably one of the ancient dog breeds of the Scandinavian region, although the breed’s exact age is unknown, the Lundehund has the same jaw as the Varanger dog, a fossilized canine that lived 5000 years ago. The Lundehund is adapted to climb narrow cliff paths in They have feet with at least six fully functioning toes and extra paw pads, an “elastic neck” that can crane back so the head touches the spine, ears that fold shut, and flexible shoulders that allow forelegs to extend to the side, perpendicular to the body. This created a population bottleneck. The Norwegian Lundehund is famous for being an ancient breed. Essential info about dog health, training, sports and more. The head is wedge-shaped, of medium width and clean. But those aren’t the only reasons why it’s … A weekly brushing will help to remove dirt and loose hair and keep the dog looking his best. The Norwegian Lundehund can fold its ears closed, forward or backward, at will. Breeds are grouped together because they share traits of form and function or a common heritage. At the December 2003 board meeting the Norwegian Lundehund became eligible to compete in AKC companion events effective January 1, 2004. Eye rims are dark and complete. The Norwegian Lundehund has four toes that point forward and two that point inward. At the November 2007 Board Meeting the Norwegian Lundehund was approved to compete in the Miscellaneous Class this became effective July 1, 2008. The Norwegian Lundehund unusually has six toes, instead of four, on both his front and rear legs. The latter five were from the same mother. They were developed to wrestle and retrieve Puffin chicks from cracks and crevices of vertical seaside cliffs on remote islands of northern Norway. Some dogs are prone to getting overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Want to connect with other people who love the same breed as much as you do? Some specimens may on occasion have more or fewer than six toes per foot. The Lundehund uses strong extra toes to help grasp rocky cliffs and to dig under boulders. Recommended Health Test from the National Breed Club: For centuries Lundehunds were bred on Vaeroy, a remote and rocky island off the Norwegian coast. Regular visits to the vet for checkups and parasite control help to ensure the dog a long, healthy life. Its name is a compound noun composed of the elements lunde, meaning puffin (Norwegian lunde, "puffin", or lundefugl, "puffin bird"), and hund, meaning dog. The Norwegian Lundehund is a small, rectangular Spitz type dog. They usually scale coastal cliffs to retrieve live seabirds, such as puffins, and bring them back to his handler with six toes on each foot, and all of them are double- or triple-jointed, which give them an amazing range of motion. The Norwegian Lundehund hails from the rocky island of Vaeroy, Norway. It is dense on the tail with little feathering. It has joints in the nape of the neck, which other dogs do not have. The Norwegian Lundehund was approved into the American Kennel Club's Non-Sporting Group on July 1, 2008, after a unanimous vote by the AKC Board of Directors on November 13, 2007. The Norwegian Lundehund was bred to climb cliffs on the Arctic islands off the Norwegian coast to search the rocky crevices and caves for puffins, which were popular for eating as well as for their down and feathers. The teeth should be brushed often, using a toothpaste designed for dogs. At the February 2010 Board Meeting the Norwegian Lundehund became eligible for AKC registration, December 1, 2010, and was eligible for competition in the Non-Sporting Group, effective January 1, 2011. There is no cure, though the disease can be managed. The coat is short on the head and front of the legs, longer and thicker around the neck and back of thighs. Share The Norwegian Lundehund has an odd rotating front leg movement … The Norwegian Lundehund has been recorded in the foundation stock service since 1996. The outercoat is dense and rough with a soft undercoat. Examples of distinctive traits are six toes on both front- and back legs, as well as unusual flexibility that allows the dogs to climb in harsh terrains. The word Lundehund in Norwegian it’s a shortened version that stands for “puffin dog.” These dogs used to hunt puffin birds. The birds were harvested … They were traditionally used for hunting puffin in the remote Islands of their native homeland of Norway, and they have a long history. Treats can be an important aid in training, but giving too many can cause obesity. The outercoat is dense and rough with a soft undercoat. On January 1, 2011, it became a part of the Non-Sporting Group. Also known as the Norwegian Puffin Dog or Lundie, the Norwegian Lundehund is an interesting breed. Furthermore, it can “close” his ears by folding them forward or backward. The Lundehund is very sensitive and can develop trust issues, and harsh training methods should never be used. The Lundehund is a pretty unique and an incredible dog breed. The Norwegian Lundehund is a polydactyl: instead of the normal four toes per foot, the Lundehund normally has six toes, all fully formed, jointed and muscled. It has six toes on each foot, including two dewclaws. Research suggests that these dogs have been living around and in cooperation with humans for thousands of years, perhaps before the Ice Age. The Lundehund was bred to climb cliffs on the Arctic islands off the Norwegian coast to search the rocky crevices and caves for puffins, which were popular for eating as well as for their down and feathers. The Norwegian Lundehund Association of America, Inc. is recognized by the AKC as the Breed Parent Club for the USA.[2]. The breed was nearly extinct around World War II when canine distemper struck Værøy and the surrounding islands. These compact puffin dogs would climb the sheer rock walls, worm their way into tiny passages, and snatch the birds. Interest in the breed declined as new hunting methods for puffins, as for example, the use of networks…, and this ex officio contortionist, was no longer needed. Some general information can be found on the Norwegian Lundehund Association webpages [1]. The Lundehund has a great range of motion in its joints, allowing it to fit into and extricate itself from narrow passages. The Norwegian Lundehund has a medium to high energy level and is happiest when he has the opportunity to engage in some form of physical exercise on a daily basis. This leads to low fertility, short lifespans, and high puppy mortality. Eight pads on each foot. The Norwegian Lundehund is a polydactyl. The breed was threatened by extinction and is now undergoing a crossbreeding program spearheaded by the Norwegian Lundehund club with assistance from a group of geneticists. The Lundehund was a valuable working animal, essential in hunting puffin birds along the Norwegian coast for food as well as the commercial export of puffin down from the Viking Age through the 16th and 17th centuries. Height: 30–40 centimetres (12–16 in). This dog can close the ear openings to block out debris and has elongated rear foot pads for … The Norwegian Lundehund mai… Norwegian Lundehund Association of America. Then they’d skid down the cliffs, with the squawking, flapping prize in their mouth. Some specimens may on occasion have more or fewer than six toes per foot, but this is then outside the breed standard. All rights reserved. The Norwegian Lundehund always has six toes on each foot, not dew claws, but toes. What is Lundehund Syndrome? Check with your vet if you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet. Both of the breeds have two fewer teeth than all other dogs, one on each side of their jaw. The Norwegian Lundehund is a polydactyl: instead of the normal four toes per foot, the Lundehund normally has six toes, all fully formed, jointed and muscled. The ear leather can be folded and turned up, backward or at right angles so that the ear openings are clamped shut. With puffins now a protected species, today’s Lundehund is a friendly, athletic companion. Instead of the normal 4 digits, the Lundehund normally has 6 digits, all fully The Norwegian Lundehund has an odd rotating front leg movement when coming back (American judges somewhat startled at this oddity). They have six toes on each foot, including two dewclaws. The AKC has grouped all of the breeds that it registers into seven categories, or groups, roughly based on function and heritage. No way! Norwegian Lundehund Origin First impressions of the Norwegian Lundehund might lead one to believe it’s a rather ordinary dog of the Spitz family. Early socialization and puppy training classes are recommended and help to ensure that the dog grows into a well-adjusted, well-mannered companion. Due to careful breeding with strict guidelines, there are now an estimated 1400 dogs in the world (2010), with around 600 of the population in Norway and ~350 in the United States. The Norwegian Lundehund is a small, rectangular dog breed with characteristics unlike any other. The meat of the birds was used for food, the down and feathers for featherbeds or exported to southern parts of the country. The Norwegian Lundehund is a small, rectangular Spitz type dog. Moderate angulation in balance with the forequarters. [6] The Lundehund made its AKC conformation debut at the Roaring Fork Kennel Club show in Eagle, Colorado on July 12, 2008. To enable the dog to climb, descend, and brake on these cliffs, unique structural characteristics have evolved and must be present as they define this breed: a minimum of six toes on each foot and elongated rear foot pads; an elastic neck that allows the head to bend backward to touch the spine, letting the dog turn around in narrow puffin bird caves; and shoulders flexible enough to allow the front legs to extend flat to the side in order to hug the cliffs. Lundies have 6 toes on each foot, elongated rear foot pads, a highly elastic neck that allows the head to fold backward almost to the spine, and shoulders that are … Also known as the Norwegian Puffin Dog, the Lundehund is among the world's rarest of dogs. We have plenty of opportunities to get involved in your local community, thanks to AKC Breed Clubs located in every state, and more than 450 AKC Rescue Network groups across the country. It is uncertain if genetics play a role in this illness, since not every Lundehund is severely afflicted and some are symptom free. Instead of usual four toes, these dogs have six functional toes (two dewclaws)! Friendly and athletic, Lundehund is a good companion of their family. The Norwegian Lundehund possesses some odd characteristics which other breeds do not. The Norwegian Lundehund is a rectangular spitz dog, small, comparatively light with distinct secondary sex characters. These extra toes enable the dogs to climb steep rock formations. The Norwegian Lundehund is in general a healthy breed, but unfortunately almost all … They have six toes, folding ears and extremely flexible limbs. But a closer look reveals several unique traits. The Lundehund has a great range of motion in its joints, allowing it to fit into and extricate itself from narrow passages. The coat of a Nor… The dog is used to search for bird eggs around the airport for disposal. The term polydactyly simply means ” having extra toes.” While several dogs have four toes on their front feet and four on the rear, the lundehund has a minimum of six toes on each foot and elongated rear foot pads, meant to grasp steep vertical cliffs, as he hunted for puffins in their rugged and inaccessible nesting locations. AKC actively advocates for responsible dog ownership and is dedicated to advancing dog sports. The Norwegian Lundehund is a very rare, small Spitz-type breed with several unique characteristics, including six toes on every paw. Norwegian Lundehund Association of America, Inc. As well, it can “tip” his head backwards so top of head touches back bone, thanks to his unique structure. Ribs are carried well back, well-sprung but not barrel-shaped. Dogs of this breed are able to bend their head backwards along their own spine and turn their forelegs to the side at a 90-degree horizontal angle to their body, much like human arms. Puffins nest in crevices in the island’s cliff walls. The Lundehund has joints that allow the forelimbs to extend at nearly 90 degrees from the body, but this must NEVER be demonstrated in the ring! The International Web Page of the Norwegian Lundehund, NRK website: Dogs prevent aircraft accidents, http://lundehund.no/filer/brosjyre/engelsk.pdf, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Norwegian_Lundehund&oldid=996689532, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 02:51. The Lundehund video. Primarily the breed suffers from a very high level of inbreeding. The male typically has a thicker ruff around the neck. The temperament is alert but not expected to be outgoing toward strangers. This dog is flexible and can bend the head backward so the top of the head touches the back. The Norwegian Lundehund has been an important part of the livelihood along the Norwegian coast The dog retrieved live puffins from nests located in narrow passages in cliffs and screes. Its flexibility and extra toes were ideal for hunting the birds in their inaccessible nesting locations on cliffs and in caves. Moderate angulation with very elastic shoulders so that the front legs can extend out to the side. Interest for the breed declined when new methods for hunting puffins were incorporated and a dog tax was created. A minor issue with the Lundehund is gastroenteropathy which is a set of digestive disorders, and a loss of ability to absorb nutrients from food. The Lundehund can also extend the forelegs straight out to either side, which results in a peculiar rotary movement when the dog trots. Islanders depended on pickled puffin meat to sustain them through long Arctic winters, and the strong, flexible Lundehund was the only way to reach them. Strong muscular upper and lower thighs. The outercoat is dense and rough with a soft undercoat. With six toes on each foot—all of them double- or triple-jointed—and an amazing range of motion, this agile dog breed was used to scale cliffs and rob puffin nests of their eggs.Along with the Norwegian Lundehund’s acrobatic talents, they have a knack for barking and digging, making them a good choice only if you’re prepared to give them lots of supervision and training. Already in 1600 It was used for hunting puffins along the Norwegian coast. The Norwegian Lundehund should do well on a high-quality dog food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared with your veterinarian’s supervision and approval. Lundehund Syndrome. From Norway’s rocky island of Vaeroy, the uniquely constructed Norwegian Lundehund is the only dog breed created for the job of puffin hunting. The slightly rounded head is wedge shaped with a medium length muzzle, slightly sloping eyes and erect and broad ears. Distinctive physical characteristics enabled Lundehunds to excel at hunting. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times. Level back, short loin and slightly sloping croup, slight tuck up. Their pricked, upright ears can be folded shut to form a near-tight seal by folding forward or backward. The Lundehund is adapted to climb narrow cliff paths in Værøy where it originally would have hunted puffins. The Norwegian Lundehund is a polydactyl: instead of the normal four toes per foot, the Lundehund normally has six toes, all fully formed, jointed and muscled. Originally, these dogs were used to hunt puffins, and The Norwegian Lundehund is the only breed known to retrieve live birds. Double coat with a harsh outer coat and a dense, soft undercoat. Originating on remote islands of arctic Norway, the dog was used to wrestle and retrieve live puffin birds from the crevices of steep vertical cliffs. The Norwegian Lundehund was bred to hunt, originated from Norway. The nails should be trimmed often if not worn down naturally, as overly long nails can cause the dog discomfort and problems walking and running. The Norwegian Lundehund is a small dog breed of the Spitz type that originates from Norway. The Norwegian Lundehund is AKC's 169th breed. The program aims to employ a strategy of breeding the Norwegian Lundehund with various other Nordic dog breeds in order to reduce deleterious recessive genetic disorders.[5]. The Norwegian Lundehund’s unique structure allows tipping of head backwards so top of head touches back bone. The Lundehund has six toes. Learn about which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. In 1963, the population was further decimated by another outbreak of distemper. The breed was originally developed for the hunting of puffins and their eggs on inaccessible nesting places on cliffs and in caves. The Norwegian Lundehund is a fairly small, rectangular, Spitz-type dog that has unique structural traits not found together in any other breed. It is not! ‘Spitz’ is a German word that means ‘pointed’ and is associated with small domestic dogs that have thick – often white – fur, pointed ears and short pointed muzzles. This shoulder structure produces a peculiar rotary movement. Answer a few simple questions and find the right dog for you, Compare up to 5 different breeds side by side, Browse the AKC Marketplace to find the right puppy for you, Browse our extensive library of dog names for inspiration, Find out the best and worst foods for your dog and which to avoid, 13-15 inches (male), 12-14 inches (female), chaolik/Getty Images Plus via Getty Images. https://www.akc.org/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php, https://www.akc.org/subscription/thank-you. Eyes – almond-shaped, yellow-brown to brown with a brown ring around the pupil. The Norwegian Lundehund (Lundie) is an agile breed with some unique characteristics. The feet are oval with at least six fully developed toes, five of which should reach the ground. They are also beneficial when burrowing into a Puffin nest. The Norwegian Lundehund has a low-maintenance double coat, with a harsh outer coat and a dense, soft undercoat. The Lundehund is presented naturally with no trimming. The breed is incredibly clever, affectionate, and fun-loving, and they are very smart and are problem-solvers of the first order. The Norwegian Lundehund is a small, rectangular Spitz type dog. Healthy You, Healthy Dog, Healthy New Year! They have elastic necks, meaning their heads can tip backward and touch their backbones. [7] It made its introductory premier at a major US event at the AKC/Eukanuba National Championship in Long Beach, California, on December 13 and 14, 2008. The Norwegian Lundehund is a Norwegian native breed with a number of distinctive characteristics. The legs are straight with slightly outward-turned feet. The body is rectangular with a deep chest, strong back, and a high-set tail carried in a ring or slightly rolled over onto the back. The additional toes consist of one three jointed toe, like a thumb, and one two-jointed toe along with corresponding tendons and muscles that give the foot a strong appearance. Happy and playful, the Norwegian Lundehund will pounce on his food and toys, grasping them with his toes and tossing them into the air like a cat catching a mouse. AKC Marketplace is the only site to exclusively list 100% AKC puppies from AKC-Registered litters and the breeders who have cared for and raised these puppies are required to follow rules and regulations established by the AKC. Any diet should be appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior). The Lundehund has a great range of motion in its joints, allowing it to fit into and extricate itself from narrow passages. Founded in 1884, the AKC is the recognized and trusted expert in breed, health, and training information for dogs. Their pricked, upright ears can be folded shut to form a near-tight seal by folding forward or backward. The Lundehund is generally a healthy breed, and responsible breeders test their stock for health conditions such as patellar luxation and eye disorders. Norwegian Lundehund might look like it is a rather ordinary dog of the Spitz family. Fun Facts About the Norwegian Lundehund These dogs have many unique physical features. © The American Kennel Club, Inc. 2020. Dogs of this breed are able to bend their head backwards along their own spine and turn their forelegs to the side at a 90-degree horizontal angle to their body, much like human arms. Some specimens may on occasion have more or fewer than six toes per foot, but this is then outside the breed standard. The Norwegian Lundehund (Norsk lundehund) is a small dog breed of the Spitz type that originates from Norway. The Norwegian Lundehund is a small rectangular and agile Spitz breed with unique characteristics not found in any other breed. The Norwegian Lundehund always has six toes on each foot, not dew claws, but toes. Residing in the colder, harsher conditions of Norway led to this dog’s ability to handle the cold well. He will enjoy a brisk, 30-minute walk or a couple of ball-chasing sessions with his owner every day. This last anomaly produces the breed’s distinctive “rotary” gait. They are alert, but sometimes wary towards strangers, but never aggressive. [3] In extreme cases the dog can starve due to its inability to derive nutrients and protein from food, regardless of food intake. One of the coolest things about this dog is that it has six toes (Polydactyl) – not dew claws – on each foot.